The Tale of Two Different Chamomiles – German & Roman

We bet you are familiar with chamomile. Drinking chamomile tea soothes an upset stomach and helps us relax and sleep well.

But we bet you don’t know that in terms of essential oils that there are two variants of chamomile.

Roman Chamomile and German Chamomile essential oils are called chamomile but they differ slightly in scent. Both can be used for skin, inflammation or fever, digestion problems or to induce sweat so that your body can flush out toxins.

Roman Chamomile or English Chamomile (Chamaemelum Nobile or Anthemis Nobilis) is most familiar as the aroma you inhale when you drink your chamomile tea. It has a calming and mild aroma that most people find pleasing.

Unlike the Roman or English Chamomile, the German Chamomile has been called “False chamomile” (Matricaria Recutita or Matricaria Chamomilla). Scent-wise, it is stronger, often described as the smell of sweet straw or hay!

Both chamomile essential oils work to alleviate anxiety, depression, and insomnia. Medicinally, both types of chamomile are used to induce sleep. They are also used as a natural antiseptic and insect repellent. Both chamomiles are antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, and antibacterial.

If you wish to use chamomile to help with sleep disorders or induce feelings of calm and peace, diffuse Roman Chamomile.

Its effects may be attributed to an antioxidant called apigenin which you can also obtain from sipping chamomile tea. Apigenin binds to specific receptors in your brain to decrease anxiety and initiate sleep.

Roman Chamomile essential oil is virtually colorless or very pale blue to pale green with a pleasing mildness that makes it wonderfully comforting for use with children. It is also excellent when diffused in the bedroom to help improve the quality of sleep. It is rich in esters giving this essential oil its antispasmodic qualities, helping to relax tight and uncomfortable stomachs, dispel gassiness, and support digestion.

Used topically, Roman Chamomile soothes irritated skin as well as dry skin in addition to wounds, burns, bruises, and rashes.

When you are in need of something mild to help with menstrual cramps, body aches, and back pain commonly associated with menstruation, look no further than a cup of Roman Chamomile tea or Roman Chamomile essential oil!

But if you want to reduce pain, tiredness, and aching joints, German Chamomile is your go-to chamomile.

German Chamomile is a striking blue due to its chamazulene content. Chamazulene gives chamomile oil its characteristic color and offers powerful anti-inflammatory properties. Be careful when you are using this near clothes or fabric though as it will stain.

It is also rich in sesquiterpene derivatives such as a-bisabolol and azulene which are known to stimulate the liver and support the digestive system by easing intestinal cramping.

German Chamomile is also effective in treating eczema. It can also be used to help with nasal allergies, cuts, and wounds. It is also an incredibly calming scent when diffused at the end of a long workday!

In terms of scent, German Chamomile is considered stronger than Roman Chamomile but both share the same antiseptic and antibiotic properties and their scents are used in aromatherapy to uplift moods,  restore calmness and induce feelings of peace and tranquillity. They’re great essential oils to have at home!


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